Therefore comprehensive clinical assessment and effective physician-patient communication are essential.
Acute pain constitutes a signal to brain about the presence of noxious stimuli and/or ongoing tissue damage. It has an important biological and a distinct protective function.
Poorly controlled acute pain can be a factor leading to progression towards chronic pain. That's why early and efficient management of pain is important.
Chronic pain is a specific healthcare problem and a therapeutic challenge. The prevalence of chronic pain in the European populations was estimated to be around 20%1.
Poorly managed pain may present a debilitating burden.
These restrictions themselves can contribute to perpetuation of the pain.
Although we tend to think of pain as a homogeneous sensory entity, several distinct types exist which require different treatment approaches.
In a third category of pain, functional pain, there is no obvious tissue or nerve damage.
Pharmacological treatment remains a therapeutic challenge because: